Data and Monitoring
The Myanmar Mangroves project aimed to map the extent and change of mangroves in Myanmar, to gather evidence on the impacts that mangrove deforestation and degradation may have on biodiversity, climate change mitigation and adaptation, and human wellbeing.
National and global spatial data and modeling approaches were used to prepare spatial assessments of the contribution of mangroves in Myanmar to biodiversity conservation, storage of carbon and coastal protection, and links to community forestry. In addition, a literature review of forest ecosystem services valuation in Myanmar, with a focus on mangroves, complemented the spatial analysis. The project also tested the se.plan tool to estimate the restoration potential in selected mangrove areas, including estimated costs and benefits of restoration.
Myanmar's vital mangrove forests, supporting endangered species and local economies, face rapid changes, endangering both nature and communities. The UN-REDD project aims to protect these mangroves by working with local communities and utilizing maps to prioritize conservation and climate resilience efforts.
To learn more about the social and environmental implications of protecting mangroves, click the link below:
The extension of mangroves for the years 2016 and 2021 has been mapped at national level, as well as the changes between both years. These data could support the development of a sub-national scale REDD+ programmes and corresponding Forest Reference Levels for Mangrove Forest.
The socio-economic and environmental benefits that can be obtained from the sustainable use, conservation and restoration of mangroves have been extensively demonstrated. Mangrove forests host important biodiversity and provide ecosystem services and sources of income to local coastal communities and beyond, including protection from extreme coastal weather, fuelwood, and tourism attractions, as well as contributing globally to carbon sequestration and storage. There are a range of datasets and methods that can help us to identify and understand mangrove ecosystem services and biodiversity in Myanmar and globally.
Myanmar became a partner country of the UN-REDD Programme in December 2011. Since then the country has been in the process of establishing the REDD+ design elements according to the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ with different projects and programmes.
Myanmar has ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1994 and the Kyoto Protocol in 2003 as a non-Annex 1 party. During successive governments of Myanmar, REDD+ has been considered an important contribution to green and sustainable development of the country and an essential element in achieving the goals of the Myanmar Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan through policies and actions in the land use, land use change and forestry sector.