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Progress against the Warsaw Framework

NS/AP: Indonesia’s National REDD+ Strategy was released in 2012.

FREL/FRL: Technical assistance was provided to more than 100 Indonesian participants on capacity building on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2013 Wetlands Supplement, FREL Diagnostic and Uncertainty Analysis with Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and FAO inputs. Three other workshops were run jointly between FAO, CIFOR, and other partners with hundreds of participants on peatland issues including fires in events in September, October, November, and December.

NFMS: Indonesia continued to improve its NFMS with capacity development supported by FAO and UN-REDD including three workshops on using the latest high-resolution daily satellite imagery from Planet Labs funded by Norway for detecting and reporting on deforestation, degradation, and forest fires.

SIS: The SIS was legally enshrined in 2017.

REDD+ Implementation

In 2020, Indonesia demonstrated reductions in deforestation and achieved access to RBPs under the UNFCCC. Indonesia reduced it's deforestation down to 115,000ha/yr in 2020 which is the lowest rate in more than 20 years. In August 2020, the GCF also agreed to pay $103 million to Indonesia for REDD+ results achieved from 2014-2016 with UNDP as the accredited entity.

The BLU BPDLH, with technical inputs from UN-REDD, developed policy, legal and operational documents commencing with REDD+ fund distribution that is advancing towards international best practices. BLU BPDLH has approached UN-REDD to provide technical assistance to initiate blended financing.

The drafting of the Plan for Peat Ecosystem Protection and Management is receiving technical and policy inputs from all administrative levels and coordinated with support from the UN-REDD and is currently being implemented.

Challenges and solutions

The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in travel and meeting restrictions that caused delays or cancellations of some activities or adaptation to online meetings and training. This slowed project implementation and reduced some achievements. The shift to online platforms for meetings and certain capacity building worked well, though with some restrictions in remote areas, while in-person trainings on more practical matters, such as integrated fire management, were delayed.

Gender and social inclusion

Support was provided to the Tropical Landscape Finance Facility (TLFF) to develop a gender strategy that centers around addressing barriers identified by a TLFF gender study on the access of female-led enterprises and smallholder households. This strategy has been implemented in the recently established TLFF grant fund.

Discussions with BPDLH to support gender mainstreaming in their land-use blended finance program is under development. Safeguards considerations, including gender and social inclusion, have also been incorporated in the development of BLU BPDLH’s legal, technical and operational documents related to REDD+.

Engagement with indigenous land-use associations in Kapuas Peat Management Unit, Kalimantan, on social forestry and improved water management is also ongoing.

Partnerships

UN-REDD, through UNEP, is coordinating with FCPF Bio-carbon Fund on green investment in the palm oil sector in Jambi and with & Green Fund in East Kalimantan. The high-resolution satellite data training in Rome was done jointly with World Bank FCPF.

UNDP continues to partner with the Embassy of Norway and World Bank to coordinate support for BLU BPDLH to meet international fiduciary and operational standards.

Country
Year
2021
Progress against the Warsaw Framework

Côte d’Ivoire has already fulfilled the four pillars of the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ during the past years, with support from UN-REDD projects and UN-REDD technical assistance.

NS/AP: In 2020, the national REDD+ strategy (2017) and the subsequent REDD+ investment plan (2019) informed the ongoing NDC review process, in which UN agencies play key advisory roles. Two pioneering jurisdictional strategies focusing on the cocoa-forest nexus were designed in a multi-stakeholder way (in the regions of Cavally and Bélier).

FREL/FRL: Mapping of activity data for 2000-2020, including forest degradation, has been completed. The submission of the FREL has been postponed, in agreement with the national coordination, to a later date when the GCF scorecard for RBP becomes available (June 2021).

NFMS: UN-REDD also provided capacity building on the activity data processing chain, which has served to integrate forest degradation in the NFMS (including dense time-series analyses of historical satellite imagery archives to map all disturbances and distinguish deforestation from degradation for the period 2000-2020). The workflow allowed the technicians of the REDD Permanent Executive Secretariat to work in parallel through online solutions (SEPAL platform).

SIS: Finally, UN-REDD and the World Bank helped operationalize the national SIS by developing a beta version of the SIS online platform. In addition, a mechanism for gathering safeguards information from different institutions and stakeholders across the country was designed, including capacity building for safeguards information providers. These innovations will feed the second summary of information on safeguards to the UNFCCC (scheduled for 2021).

REDD+ Implementation

UN-REDD supported legal reviews for REDD+, including input to more than 10 draft decrees aiming to enforce the forest code, under the Ministry of Water and Forests, and covering diverse issues, such as benefit-sharing, NFIs, forest products, and community forestry.

UN-REDD also supported financial models and private-sector engagement on the forest-cocoa nexus. Economic models for sustainable cocoa production were produced and disseminated, with field testing started. They included an economic model for agroforestry, a model for cocoa swollen shoot disease, and financial solutions to support restoration at scale.

In addition, two jurisdictional strategies were designed in a participatory way, with financial support from the Governors’ Climate & Forests Task Force (GCFTF) initiative, to conciliate forest conservation and restoration with cocoa production. These represent pilots to guide country stakeholders and engage the private sector. Financial partnerships on the forest-cocoa nexus were advanced too, with UN-REDD support. For instance, Partnership 1for20 has started to mobilize private finance to support the implementation of sustainable commodity production, reforestation, and access to smallholder farmers. The briefing Making Agroforestry Work at Scale, which brings together many of the mentioned economic models that reconcile forests and cocoa, was presented to the World Cocoa Foundation and its partners, to stimulate the engagement of companies.

Challenges and solutions

The COVID-19 pandemic, plus the 2020 presidential elections, disrupted national and field processes, as well as the ability of the UN-REDD Programme to provide timely and qualitative technical assistance to the country. Nevertheless, the country remained active in its endeavors, and UN-REDD used digital means and in-country experts to keep the mentioned streams active.

Gender and social inclusion

The safeguards information parameters include a criterion on gender-equitable decision making (B5) as well as an indicator to track how the REDD+ framework integrates procedures on effective participation into decision making and equitable benefits sharing for men and women. In addition, the mechanism to gather safeguards information includes gender-disaggregated information where available.

The development of integrated forest-cocoa jurisdictional strategies in the Cavally and Bélier regions, which is supported by a GCFTF project, included gender mainstreaming efforts that built on UN-REDD gender knowledge and methods. Rural women and women’s organizations were among the key stakeholders who contributed to such jurisdictional strategies. The socially inclusive model was praised by the regional governments and the civic and community stakeholders alike, and knowledge products to disseminate the approach are under elaboration.

Partnerships

UN-REDD works in partnership with different organizations and country partners, including the EU-REDD Facility, the GCFTF initiative, the World Bank, the GCF, and the Cocoa & Forest Initiative, among others. UN-REDD provides tailored technical assistance to help the country in their policy commitments (e.g. NDCs), mobilize partners and finance, and test innovations and pilot initiatives.

Country
Year
2021
Progress against the Warsaw Framework

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan (NS/AP): Ecuador has completed all the requirements of the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ and is participating in the RBP pilot programme launched by the GCF for the 4,831,679 tCO2 of results achieved during 2014. UN-REDD provided technical support for elaborating the RBP concept note and funding proposal.

Forest Reference Emissions Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL): Through Component 4 of PROAmazonía (the joint Green Climate Fund/Global Environment Facility (GCF/ GEF) programme implemented by UNDP), and with UN-REDD support, a second FREL is scheduled to be presented to UNFCCC for the second half of 2019. Similarly, the second REDD+ technical annex is being updated and will be presented with the BUR in the second half of 2020. 

National Forest Monitoring Systems (NFMS): UN-REDD is supporting the Ministry of Environment in the implementation of processing chains and in deforestation and forest degradation issues, to determine activity data using the SEPAL tool. In doing so, Ecuador will be the first country to implement this platform in its NFMS, which has fostered new alliances with institutions such as the KfW development bank.

Safeguard Information System (SIS): With the support of UN-REDD, Ecuador is currently working on automating the processes needed for implementing the system that provides information on how the safeguards have been addressed and respected. The REDD+ web portal, which hosts the SIS, is publicly available at the domain http://reddecuador.com.

A road map for a second SOI on how safeguards have been addressed and respected during the 2016–2018 period was developed during 2018. 

REDD+ Implementation

With UN-REDD support, the country was able to transition successfully to the REDD+ implementation phase and access different finance sources such the GEF, the GCF and the REDD Early Movers programme. PROAmazonía was launched in 2017 and is the first programme to focus on implementing the National REDD+ Action Plan. A description of PROAmazonía can be found here (in Spanish): https://ecuador.corresponsables.com/actualidad/presentan-proamazonia-bosques.

Challenges and solutions

Implementing a National REDD+ Action Plan presents a very significant challenge and change of scale when compared with the various processes that took place during the REDD+ readiness process, which were relatively technical and theoretical. The action plan, which includes PAMs to be implemented in forested and agricultural areas and on degraded land, by many different actors and institutions, aims to address all direct and indirect drivers of deforestation. Now, the Ministry of Environment, in conjunction with the Ministries of Agriculture and Finance, the National Secretariat for Planning and Development, the decentralized authorities, the Central Bank of Ecuador, the private sector (including those who produce, trade, finance and consume agricultural and forest-related commodities), indigenous organizations and academia must implement the actions prioritized in the National REDD+ Action Plan in a coordinated manner. Through the provision of technical advice, UN-REDD adds significant value in supporting these coordination processes and the adequate implementation of this action plan. 

Gender and social inclusion

In 2018, PROAmazonía developed its Gender and Interculturality Strategy to address the imbalance in the relationships between men and women that determine or condition gender inequalities and gaps, and to create opportunities for effective participation or decision-making. This strategy aims to ensure that gender interventions promote the full participation of women and men. A proposal for mainstreaming the gender approach within PROAmazonía was developed with the support of United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women).

With the support of PROAmazonía, an agreement between the Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Confederation of Indigenous Peoples from the Ecuadorian Amazon (CONFENIAE) was approved in 2018, prioritizing activities from the REDD+ Action Plan that will be implemented using results-based payments from 2014.

Partnerships

The PROAmazonía programme engaged in a technical assistance partnership with FAO to mobilize UN-REDD expertise on REDD+ operational systems that need completion, namely, NFMS, FREL and community monitoring.

Country
Year
2021