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Progress against the Warsaw Framework

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan (NS/AP): The UN-REDD Programme supported Bangladesh to further develop its National REDD+ Strategy with the identification of deforestation and degradation drivers. PAMs, including those of a gender-sensitive nature, were identified and vetted through stakeholder consultations and are undergoing assessment for implementation benefits, costs and risks. The institutional arrangement for REDD+ management was also proposed to the Government. 

Forest Reference Emission Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL): Technical capacity for FRELs/FRLs was strengthened through UN-REDD events and a national consultation on the proposed FREL/FRL. A revised version of the FREL/FRL report was submitted to the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, approved and submitted to the UNFCCC REDD+ Info Hub in January 2019.

National Forest Monitoring Systems (NFMS): With UN-REDD programme support, the structure and several modules of the Bangladesh Forest Information System (BFIS) were finalized and presented to the Forest Department. The BFIS was officially launched in December and has benefited from the creation of national land-cover maps for 2005 and 2010, as well as capacity development for database management. A draft data-sharing policy for the Forest Department has been submitted to the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. 

Challenges and solutions

The official launch of the national programme encountered delays due to the formulation of the Project Steering Committee and the UN-REDD national Programme Executive Board. A no-cost extension to the national programme until June 2019 was approved by the UN-REDD Executive Board to accommodate these delays; however, several other activities scheduled for 2018 were also delayed. Preliminary approval for the budget revision was obtained and will be formalized in 2019.

A lack of IT and programming capacity in the Forest Department necessitated additional training and recruitment of more IT and database management consultants.

Gender and social inclusion

The national programme carried out two gender assessments in 2018: a literature review on gender issues in forest resource management and a screening of policies, laws and regulations and PAMs against gender issues. A gender expert facilitated dedicated discussions at eight regional consultations on PAMs, which concluded in early 2018.

During 2018, 387 participants took part in UN-REDD Programme events in Bangladesh, 349 of whom were men and 38 women. Overall, 2,726 individuals have participated in project events since the programme’s inception, 2,265 of whom were men and 461 women. Inputs from forest-dependent communities, indigenous peoples and women were considered and interpreted when formulating PAMs. A minimum representation of one woman is required in the National REDD+ Steering Committee (of a total of 37 institutional members), REDD+ Cell (eight members) and Strategy and Safeguards Technical Working Group (15 members), and a minimum of two women in the National REDD+ Forum (34 members).

In 2018, the programme supported the drafting of the REDD+ management structure, which includes positions for indigenous peoples and CSOs, and is under review by the Government. The National REDD+ Steering Committee has three dedicated positions for indigenous communities out of 37 representative institutions. The 34-member REDD+ Forum includes one member representing marginalized communities, six members from civil society/non-governmental organizations and journalists, and nine members from forest-dependent groups.

During the PAM development, 316 participants from five districts were consulted, five of whom were from indigenous communities and 113 from CSOs. Basic training on REDD+ issues started at the end of 2018 with 71 participants in attendance, of whom 13 were from CSOs.

Partnerships

UN-REDD programme support is closely coordinated with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Bangladesh NFI project. The programme supported the World Bank Forest Investment Program formulation team and the development of the US$ 175 million World Bank Sustainable Forests & Livelihoods project, approved in October 2018.

Country
Year
2021
Progress against the Warsaw Framework

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan (NS/AP):  With UN-REDD support, Argentina submitted its National Action Plan on Forests and Climate Change (PANByCC) to the UNFCCC REDD+ Info Hub in December 2018. The plan is integrated into the country’s NDCs and sets an unconditional emissions reduction target of 27 MtCO2eq and a conditional goal of 81 MtCO2eq by 2030. Advances were made in identifying and mapping the social and environmental benefits of the plan. An analysis of potential non-carbon benefits derived from REDD+ implementation was carried out at the subnational scale. The main work areas of the plan have been shared with the public through audiovisuals prepared with the support of the National Programme.

Forest Reference Emissions Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL): The FREL was constructed and submitted to UNFCCC through the REDD+ Info Hub. UN-REDD support and the intensive technical work of national experts were key to achieving this milestone. The subnational scope of the FREL encompasses almost 90 per cent of Argentina’s forest lands and includes gross CO2 emissions due to deforestation from changes in the above- and below-ground biomass of native forests for the period 2002–2013, accounting for 101.141.848 tCO2. Its accuracy assessment is ongoing and will be annexed in 2019.

National Forest Monitoring Systems (NFMS): Technical cooperation between UN-REDD experts, the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (SAyDS) and national scientific institutes boosted automation and new methodologies for the NFMS, taking into consideration five priority regions to be finalized by September 2019. The studies and methodology will enhance the capacity of the NFMS to meet increasing demands for national and international reporting, including on REDD+ activities. Analysis on including other carbon pools in the NFI is progressing. The NFMS web-dissemination platform was enhanced with tools to improve its functionality and add new data layers. Finally, the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory systematized the information and data for the AFOLU sector.

Safeguard Information System (SIS): A safeguards dialogue with participants from Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Mexico took place in March 2018, with a focus on sharing experiences and lessons learned to advance the countries’ national safeguards approaches. A draft of the national interpretation of safeguards, plans for the SIS design and an index of key content for the SOI on safeguards were reviewed with a range of stakeholders. Information needs for the SIS were identified, including how benefit and risk analyses and gender-related activities, processes and outputs can provide key inputs. The consolidated information will enable Argentina to submit the SOI to UNFCCC by December 2019.

REDD+ Implementation

Although Argentina is not receiving UN-REDD technical assistance for REDD+ implementation, the country is developing an implementation plan and a financial strategy with the support of the FCPF.

Alongside the implementation of the PANByCC, Argentina launched the ForestAr 2030 Initiative, whose objective is to accelerate investments in reforestation and reach the goal of 2 million hectares by 2030. The country also launched the National Forest Restoration Plan – framed in the Forest Law – which outlines a program for an initial period of six years (2018–2023) to reach the goal of 20,000 annual hectares of native forest restored by 2023. In addition, through the PANByCC, Argentina is seeking to implement subsidies for natural forest management plans and their preservation in order to meet the goals committed to in its NDC.

Challenges and solutions

Argentina was granted a further no-cost extension to its national programme, until the end of December 2019, to account for implementation delays due to institutional reforms and other domestic factors external to the UN-REDD Programme, the national programme and the United Nations agencies.

Gender and social inclusion

Guidelines are being developed to support sub-national decision-makers in mainstreaming gender in the implementation phase of the PANByCC. Development of the plan followed a participatory process – stakeholders at the local level were involved through multi-sectoral regional meetings where provincial working groups prioritized interventions and actions for implementation. Moreover, guidelines on consultations with indigenous peoples are also being developed.

Partnerships

Through the joint work with the National Direction on Climate Change, the National Direction on Forests and the related provincial governments, UN-REDD maintains an active partnership with the Climate Change and Forest Commission of the Federal Council for the Environment, the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, the FCPF programme, the ForestAr 2030 Initiative and various research and scientific institutions, as well as non-governmental organizations.

Country
Year
2021
Progress against the Warsaw Framework

NS/AP: UN-REDD provided technical inputs, in line with Mexico’s National REDD+ Strategy, to the new strategy for financing the forestry sector developed by the National Forest Commission (Comisión Nacional Forestal, or CONAFOR).

NFMS and MRV: Mexico continued to improve its NFMS, including the use of sample-based estimates of deforestation and exploring alternative algorithms.

FREL: Mexico submitted a revised and enhanced FREL in early 2020, technically supported by UN-REDD, improving the calculation of activity data and uncertainties. The review has not been concluded and Mexico expects to submit a modified FREL in early 2021.

SIS: Mexico has progressed in updating its SIS and has published a series of safeguards tools in plain, accessible language to improve access and understanding by local communities. Furthermore, it has advanced updating the contents needed for state safeguards plans, including defining approaches to collect safeguards information at state and national levels to feed into an updated SIS. This was discussed and reviewed with key stakeholders during a workshop titled ‘Strengthening the REDD+ SIS’ in June 2020.

The Programme has informed Mexican authorities about finance mobilization plans such as the GCF REDD+ RBP window, providing inputs on safeguards requirements and sharing other countries’ experiences

REDD+ Implementation

Mexico submitted its revised NDC in late 2020, reinforcing the role of the NS to meet its zero net deforestation target by 2030 and contribute to its unconditional (-22%) and conditional (-36%) mitigation targets, relative to estimated business-as-usual emissions levels.

Access to RBP schemes has been limited by the lack of sufficient clarity on carbon rights and benefit-sharing arrangements, which also led Mexico to withdraw from the FCPF’s Carbon Fund. In response, a legal reform bill is under review in Congress. UN-REDD support has been requested to advance the legal reform and its implementation, but approval is still pending and expected in 2021.

Interest by states continues to expand, including from states covered by the BioCarbon Fund’s Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes proposal. The proposals for Window B (innovation funding window) under the GCFTF initiative supported by UNDP were reviewed by UN-REDD including recommendations for alignment between the REDD+ efforts at the state level and the national REDD+ framework.

Mexico has also adjusted its timeline to prepare and submit its BUR and REDD+ Technical Annex, to which UN-REDD will provide technical assistance. Both will be presented in 2021.

An assessment of the barriers to financing REDD+ compatible activities from the perspective of financial intermediaries was shared and presented to CONAFOR on 18 December 2020, identifying actions to address both real and perceived risks.

The Programme facilitated South-South collaboration on sustainable deforestation-free cattle ranching between Mexico, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, and Paraguay. Mexico has advanced in restructuring the Virtual Centre of Excellence for National Forest Monitoring to other topics related to the monitoring and implementation of forest actions. On MRV, UN-REDD co-organized and participated in specific webinars to share best practices related to deforestation estimates, FRELs, and REDD+ Technical Annexes.

Challenges and solutions

Despite COVID-19 restrictions on meetings, UN-REDD maintained progress by providing support via online platforms, including virtual missions.

CONAFOR has continued to experience budget reductions, which, added to 2019 reductions, have further limited its operational capacity.

Partly as a result of COVID disruptions, a number of products have been rescheduled for 2021 (FREL, BUR, and REDD+ Technical Annex). The approval of legal reforms that are critical to unlocking carbon rights issues is also pending. In line with this, such activities will be supported in 2021.

Gender and social inclusion

Efforts to ensure gender-equitable participation were undertaken. For example, the FREL/Technical Annex workshop achieved 40-percent female participation.

UN-REDD has participated in selected national- and state-level REDD+ technical groups and Forestry Advisory Committee meetings to share technical perspectives

Partnerships

Mexico withdrew from the FCPF’s Carbon Fund but is proceeding with the Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes, coordinated through CONAFOR. The Programme will consider this work to ensure synergies.

UNDP’s direct support for the Governor’s Climate and Forest Task Force activities in Mexico has facilitated coordination and alignment with UN-REDD support.

Country
Year
2021