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Progress against the Warsaw Framework

NS/AP: Indonesia’s National REDD+ Strategy was released in 2012.

FREL/FRL: Technical assistance was provided to more than 100 Indonesian participants on capacity building on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2013 Wetlands Supplement, FREL Diagnostic and Uncertainty Analysis with Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and FAO inputs. Three other workshops were run jointly between FAO, CIFOR, and other partners with hundreds of participants on peatland issues including fires in events in September, October, November, and December.

NFMS: Indonesia continued to improve its NFMS with capacity development supported by FAO and UN-REDD including three workshops on using the latest high-resolution daily satellite imagery from Planet Labs funded by Norway for detecting and reporting on deforestation, degradation, and forest fires.

SIS: The SIS was legally enshrined in 2017.

REDD+ Implementation

In 2020, Indonesia demonstrated reductions in deforestation and achieved access to RBPs under the UNFCCC. Indonesia reduced it's deforestation down to 115,000ha/yr in 2020 which is the lowest rate in more than 20 years. In August 2020, the GCF also agreed to pay $103 million to Indonesia for REDD+ results achieved from 2014-2016 with UNDP as the accredited entity.

The BLU BPDLH, with technical inputs from UN-REDD, developed policy, legal and operational documents commencing with REDD+ fund distribution that is advancing towards international best practices. BLU BPDLH has approached UN-REDD to provide technical assistance to initiate blended financing.

The drafting of the Plan for Peat Ecosystem Protection and Management is receiving technical and policy inputs from all administrative levels and coordinated with support from the UN-REDD and is currently being implemented.

Challenges and solutions

The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in travel and meeting restrictions that caused delays or cancellations of some activities or adaptation to online meetings and training. This slowed project implementation and reduced some achievements. The shift to online platforms for meetings and certain capacity building worked well, though with some restrictions in remote areas, while in-person trainings on more practical matters, such as integrated fire management, were delayed.

Gender and social inclusion

Support was provided to the Tropical Landscape Finance Facility (TLFF) to develop a gender strategy that centers around addressing barriers identified by a TLFF gender study on the access of female-led enterprises and smallholder households. This strategy has been implemented in the recently established TLFF grant fund.

Discussions with BPDLH to support gender mainstreaming in their land-use blended finance program is under development. Safeguards considerations, including gender and social inclusion, have also been incorporated in the development of BLU BPDLH’s legal, technical and operational documents related to REDD+.

Engagement with indigenous land-use associations in Kapuas Peat Management Unit, Kalimantan, on social forestry and improved water management is also ongoing.

Partnerships

UN-REDD, through UNEP, is coordinating with FCPF Bio-carbon Fund on green investment in the palm oil sector in Jambi and with & Green Fund in East Kalimantan. The high-resolution satellite data training in Rome was done jointly with World Bank FCPF.

UNDP continues to partner with the Embassy of Norway and World Bank to coordinate support for BLU BPDLH to meet international fiduciary and operational standards.

Country
Year
2021
Progress against the Warsaw Framework

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan (NS/AP): In 2018, Honduras completed analysis on the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation and on land tenure. In addition, the National Programme for Recovering Degraded Ecosystem Goods and Services was finalized as part of the National REDD+ Strategy. The programme, formalized by decree and approved under Ministerial Agreement 1030-2018, was officially published in La Gaceta in June 2018. Honduras took significant steps towards assessing the potential non-carbon benefits of REDD+ implementation. A preliminary report maps the areas offering greater potential for non-carbon benefits as well as areas that may be more vulnerable to the main deforestation and forest degradation drivers in the country.

Forest Reference Emissions Level (FREL): To improve FREL estimates, progress has been made in clarifying the definitions for the remaining four REDD+ activities (forest degradation, sustainable forest management, enhancement and conservation of forest carbon stocks) in coordination with the technical team of the National Institute of Forest Conservation and Development, Protected Areas and Wildlife (ICF). Tests have been carried out to estimate activity data, by integrating spatial information with the NFI’s field data in the Google Earth Engine platform to further reach a methodological consensus.

National Forest Monitoring Systems (NFMS): The ICF signed a ministerial agreement to institutionalize the NFMS, making it the official reporting platform for generating data for informed decision-making in the forestry sector. An improvement plan developed for ICF officials for the management, administration and use of the NFMS platform will be implemented in 2019.

Safeguard Information System (SIS): Honduras made important advances towards meeting UNFCCC requirements on safeguards, including the development of an initial proposal for SIS design, as well as a draft summary of safeguards information. An additional safeguard, ‘the Cultural Safeguard’, was developed through a participatory process. The National Committee for Environmental and Social Safeguards of Honduras (CONASASH) has also been established.

REDD+ Implementation

Although Honduras is not receiving UN-REDD technical assistance for REDD+ implementation, through its National REDD+ Strategy (supported by the FCPF), the country is developing an implementation plan and a financial strategy to fund REDD+ implementation through the GCF or another financial entity. Moreover, the REDD+ national team actively participated in the negotiation process that concluded with the Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA)-FLEGT between Honduras and the European Union, to obtain support for good governance in the forest sector. To comply with the commitments, an inter-institutional memorandum of understanding was signed between MiAmbiente and the ICF to strengthen cooperation for the implementation of the VPA-FLEGT and REDD+.

Challenges and solutions

There were substantial changes in both the technical and coordination teams due to the political crisis in 2017; however, a successful transition was achieved thanks to the documentation and systematization of the project. Concerns from groups representing indigenous peoples and Afro-Honduran peoples have been addressed through a series of dialogues, meetings and training sessions to learn about and participate in the project’s actions.

Gender and social inclusion

Diagnoses and consultations on mainstreaming gender into the various elements of the REDD+ pillars have been carried out and guidelines developed. The national technical team, with support from UN-REDD, updated the stakeholder involvement plan. Workshops were held to inform and gather input from indigenous and Afro-Honduran women and local communities on the studies of deforestation drivers and land tenure, which has strengthened and reaffirmed positions on their conditions to guarantee full and effective participation. The REDD+ process has also supported the elaboration of MiAmbiente’s Institutional Gender Strategy, which was validated and launched in October 2018.

Effective participation of relevant stakeholders was achieved through the organization of 29 events (meetings, forums, training sessions, workshops), which saw the participation of 896 persons representing indigenous and Afro-Honduran peoples and other relevant stakeholders – of whom 47 per cent were women and 53 per cent men. Nineteen informative notes have been published on social media, as well as via television, radio and print media as a result of the events and/or activities supported by the project. As for transparency and access to information on REDD+ readiness, all documents from the process are being published on the website: http://www.ocphn.org/v1/reddhonduras/. A blog was also created to share the vision and events of the REDD+ process. During the reporting period there have been 2,269 visits to the website. 

Partnerships

The UN-REDD national programme is implemented in coordination with the FCPF project, where UNDP acts as the delivery partner. Synergies have been established between the results and products of both projects in order to ensure complementary efforts and to strengthen actions.

Country
Year
2021
Progress against the Warsaw Framework

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan (NS/AP): Ecuador has completed all the requirements of the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ and is participating in the RBP pilot programme launched by the GCF for the 4,831,679 tCO2 of results achieved during 2014. UN-REDD provided technical support for elaborating the RBP concept note and funding proposal.

Forest Reference Emissions Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL): Through Component 4 of PROAmazonía (the joint Green Climate Fund/Global Environment Facility (GCF/ GEF) programme implemented by UNDP), and with UN-REDD support, a second FREL is scheduled to be presented to UNFCCC for the second half of 2019. Similarly, the second REDD+ technical annex is being updated and will be presented with the BUR in the second half of 2020. 

National Forest Monitoring Systems (NFMS): UN-REDD is supporting the Ministry of Environment in the implementation of processing chains and in deforestation and forest degradation issues, to determine activity data using the SEPAL tool. In doing so, Ecuador will be the first country to implement this platform in its NFMS, which has fostered new alliances with institutions such as the KfW development bank.

Safeguard Information System (SIS): With the support of UN-REDD, Ecuador is currently working on automating the processes needed for implementing the system that provides information on how the safeguards have been addressed and respected. The REDD+ web portal, which hosts the SIS, is publicly available at the domain http://reddecuador.com.

A road map for a second SOI on how safeguards have been addressed and respected during the 2016–2018 period was developed during 2018. 

REDD+ Implementation

With UN-REDD support, the country was able to transition successfully to the REDD+ implementation phase and access different finance sources such the GEF, the GCF and the REDD Early Movers programme. PROAmazonía was launched in 2017 and is the first programme to focus on implementing the National REDD+ Action Plan. A description of PROAmazonía can be found here (in Spanish): https://ecuador.corresponsables.com/actualidad/presentan-proamazonia-bosques.

Challenges and solutions

Implementing a National REDD+ Action Plan presents a very significant challenge and change of scale when compared with the various processes that took place during the REDD+ readiness process, which were relatively technical and theoretical. The action plan, which includes PAMs to be implemented in forested and agricultural areas and on degraded land, by many different actors and institutions, aims to address all direct and indirect drivers of deforestation. Now, the Ministry of Environment, in conjunction with the Ministries of Agriculture and Finance, the National Secretariat for Planning and Development, the decentralized authorities, the Central Bank of Ecuador, the private sector (including those who produce, trade, finance and consume agricultural and forest-related commodities), indigenous organizations and academia must implement the actions prioritized in the National REDD+ Action Plan in a coordinated manner. Through the provision of technical advice, UN-REDD adds significant value in supporting these coordination processes and the adequate implementation of this action plan. 

Gender and social inclusion

In 2018, PROAmazonía developed its Gender and Interculturality Strategy to address the imbalance in the relationships between men and women that determine or condition gender inequalities and gaps, and to create opportunities for effective participation or decision-making. This strategy aims to ensure that gender interventions promote the full participation of women and men. A proposal for mainstreaming the gender approach within PROAmazonía was developed with the support of United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women).

With the support of PROAmazonía, an agreement between the Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Confederation of Indigenous Peoples from the Ecuadorian Amazon (CONFENIAE) was approved in 2018, prioritizing activities from the REDD+ Action Plan that will be implemented using results-based payments from 2014.

Partnerships

The PROAmazonía programme engaged in a technical assistance partnership with FAO to mobilize UN-REDD expertise on REDD+ operational systems that need completion, namely, NFMS, FREL and community monitoring.

Country
Year
2021