Forest Carbon activities that directly cause carbon‐emitting activities to be shifted to another location outside of the project boundaries cancelling out some or all of the project’s carbon benefits. One example would be a plantation project that displaces farmers and leads them to clear adjacent forests. See "Leakage."
Land Use, Land‐Use Change and Forestry. IPCC, 2000—Robert T. Watson, Ian R. Noble, Bert Bolin, N. H. Ravindranath, David J. Verardo and David J. Dokken (Eds.) Cambridge University Press, UK. pp375.