The United Nations Collaborative Programme
on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation
and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries
 
 
 
 

National Forest Monitoring Systems for REDD+ and Forest
Reference Emission Levels/Forest Reference Levels


Monitoring and measurement, reporting and verification 

In order to avoid, reduce and capture forest carbon emissions, any country planning to carry out REDD+ activities effectively must have monitoring systems that provide accurate data on emissions. Monitoring, and measurement, reporting and verification (M&MRV) for REDD+ is a way of addressing a country’s commitments to collecting and sharing this information.

Countries planning to carry out REDD+ are also requested to develop national forest monitoring systems (NFMS), as agreed in Cancun in 2010 at the 16th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC-COP16).

It was recognized that NFMS can both monitor REDD+ activities as well as play an MRV role in their implementation. Indeed, NFMSs play an essential role in how information for national REDD+ programmes is managed.

M&MRV is one of the largest areas of work of the UN-REDD Programme. Technical and institutional capacity building are keys to developing strong nationally owned forest monitoring systems.

The UN-REDD Programme, through its collaborating UN agency FAO, provides technical support to countries, particularly in the development of credible and cost-effective NFMSs. Countries are also assisted to develop their forest reference emissions levels/forest reference levels (FREL/FRL). According to the UNFCCC, these benchmarks must be established in order to assess a country’s performance in carrying out REDD+ activities.


Forest reference emission levels and/or forest reference levels

One of the elements countries need to develop to participate in REDD+ is a FREL/FRL. The UNFCCC has defined FREL/FRLs as benchmarks for assessing each country’s performance in implementing REDD+ activities and mitigating climate change through actions related to their forests.

To date, the UNFCCC-COP has agreed on four decisions related to FREL/FRLs for REDD+, providing guidance for developing countries on 1) modalities for FREL/FRLs, including guidelines for submission of information; and 2) on the technical assessment of FREL/FRL submissions.


More information on technical guidelines related to National Forest Monitoring Systems for REDD+ and Forest Reference Emission Levels/Forest Reference Levels, visit the UN-REDD Programme Online Collaborative Workspace.

 

Documents
 
Browse all related resources in the UN-REDD Programme Workspace Library here.


Proceedings of the regional technical workshop on Tree Volume and Biomass Allometric Equations in West Africa

Proceedings from the Second Regional Workshop on Data Analysis for Tree Volume, Biomass and Carbon Stock Assessment

Inventory of Tree Biomass and Volume Allometric Equations in Southeast Asia

Emerging approaches to Forest Reference Emission Levels and/or Forest Reference Levels for REDD+
(December 2013)

Inventory of Allometric Equations for Estimation of Above-ground tree biomass and volume in the Pacific
(December 2013)

Inventory of allometric equations for estimating tree biomass: a database for China
(September 2014)

Proceedings of the regional technical workshop on Tree Volume and Biomass Allometric Equations in South Asia
(December 2014)

From tree measurement to National Forest Monitoring Systems: The use of allometric equations to estimate forest resources 
(June 2014)


Inventory of volume and biomass tree allometric equations for South Asia 
(January 2014)


Georeferenced database of tree volume and biomass allometric equations for North America  
(July 2013)


Inventory of Volume and Biomass Tree Allometric Equations for Central and South America 
(March 2013)


Proceedings of the regional technical workshop on Tree Volume and Biomass Allometric Equations in South and Central America  
(May 2013)


Assessment of forest inventory approaches for REDD+ - Expert Meeting Report  
(June 2011)


National Forest Monitoring Systems: Monitoring and Measurement, Reporting and Verification (M & MRV) in the context of REDD+ Activities 
English - Español - Français
(May 2011)


Proceedings of the training workshop on the National System for Greenhouse Gas Inventory in the context of REDD+ 
(Rome, 25-28 January 2011)


MRV for REDD+ Basic Concepts 
(Tanzania)


MRV for REDD+ Basic Concepts 
(Zambia)


Measurement, Reporting and Verification for REDD+
(Tanzania)

Measurement, Reporting and Verification for REDD+
(Zambia)

Framework for Action 2009-2014 on Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV)

Role of Satellite Remote Sensing in REDD
by Peter Holmgren

Review of literature on Monitoring to Support REDD
by Claudia Hiepe and Hideki Kanamaru

Measurement and Reporting of Forest Carbon in Guyana: Preparing for REDD Implementation
by Jonas Cedergren

 
Related Links

Manual for building tree volume and biomass allometric equations

Global Forest Resource Assessment (FRA)

FRA Remote Sensing Portal

FAO National Forest Monitoring and Assessment

Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE)

Group on Earth Observation (GEO)

GOFC-GOLD

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Google Earth Engine

U.S. Geological Survey

UNEP’s World Conservation and Monitoring Centre