UN-REDD Strengthens Capacities of Indigenous People in Peru
The Ministry of Environment has undertaken a series of informative and awareness workshops addressed to local Peruvian Amazonian indigenous organizations from November 2012 until April 2013.
During the workshops, participants discussed benefits, risks, responsibilities and opportunities related to the participation in the REDD+ mechanism; Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC); the Convention 169 from ILO; and the Law of Previous Consultation.
Participants at one of the informative and awareness workshops to strengthens csapacities of Indigenous People in Peru.
Various institutions, including the Ministry of Culture, participated as presenters. AIDESEP presented the Amazonian Life Plan (Plan de Vida Plena Amazónico in Spanish), Indigenous REDD+ and the Right to Consultation. CONAP presented the Indigenous Forest Agenda and REDD+.
The workshops were part of a project begun by UNDP in 2012, “Strengthening capacities of Indigenous People for their informed participation in the design and implementation of the REDD+ mechanism in Peru.” The project was requested by the Ministry of Environment (MINAM) and indigenous national organizations Inter-ethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Jungle (AIDESEP) and Amazonian National Confederation in Peru (CONAP).
It aims to strengthen the informed participation of indigenous groups and civil society institutions during the REDD+ preparation phase. This supports the participative design of mechanisms and instruments to guarantee the equal involvement of these actors during the implementation of REDD+.
The participation of key representatives from these regional and local indigenous organizations was very active and generated discussions over the implications of REDD+. The following key conclusions and comments were taken from these discussions:
- The first step towards a REDD+ strategy are legal land titling, territorial planning and economical-ecological zoning.
- It´s MINAM´s responsibility to implement the supervision mechanisms and transparency in the REDD+ processes.
- It is recommended to strengthen Forest Oversight as a mean to supervise REDD+.
- It is recommended to implement a system for information and monitoring of the implementation of safeguards.
- It is recommended to strengthen the capacities of REDD+ for national and regional civil servants.
- It is recommended to implement capacity development plans for REDD+ for communities and indigenous leaders.
- The REDD+ mechanism should not be seen as a business but as a way for forest conservation and safeguard the traditions from indigenous people.
- The REDD+ indigenous working committees must be spokespersons for REDD+ at the regional level and there their capacities must be strengthened. In addition, the REDD+ regional working committees must be represented by indigenous associations.
- It is important to highlight the consultation and participation process of indigenous communities in the REDD+ preparation proposal.
- The REDD+ mechanism can bring benefits as well as risks.
- It is important to have the “game rules” understood before starting REDD+ processes.
- It is recommended to identify and modify those policies and plans that promote activities contrary to REDD+ objectives.
A total of eight workshops were organized from November 2012 to April 2013 in the cities of Satipo-Junin, Santa Maria de Nieva- Amazonas, Iquitos and Contamana-Loreto, Pucallpa and Atalaya-Ucayali, Puerto Maldonado – Madre de Dios, and Lamas – San Martin. Over 400 indigenous leaders from over 80 organizations from the different basins participated in the workshops.
Workshop for strengthening capacities of Indigenous People for their informed participation in the design and implementation of the REDD+ mechanism in Peru.
The series of workshops was planned to conclude with a national workshop in September, with the participation of over 30 leaders from regional and national indigenous groups, as well public and private institutions, civil society and donors. The key results from the previous workshops as well the project itself will be presented during the national workshop.
The project is being co-implemented by the Ministry of Environment and UNDP with active support from AIDESEP and CONAP at the technical committee level. The project is made possible with financial and technical backing from the UN-REDD Programme through its Targeted Support modality.