Reports & Analysis
Forests have many values: promoting co-benefits within the UN-REDD programme
National consultations are ongoing to produce tools, analyses and reports on co-benefits
|Biodiversity is one of the co-benefits of conserving forests |
Co-benefits from REDD arise from the maintenance or restoration of forest ecosystems that would otherwise have been degraded or lost. Which co-benefits are generated and the identity of the beneficiaries will be shaped by the social, ecological and institutional context in which REDD is implemented. That is, the location of the forests that benefit from REDD funding, the national policies put in place, and the forest management approaches employed will all influence the delivery of co-benefits.
On behalf of the UN-REDD programme, the United Nations Environment Programme’s World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) is working with pilot countries to identify useful tools, analyses or reports on co-benefits, on a national to global scale. A selection of these will be published, in collaboration with national institutions.
The UN-REDD Programme, through the UNEP-WCMC team, has been engaged in consultations with national UN-REDD teams through visits to pilot countries, meetings on the side of larger gatherings, and associated correspondence. The team has already been to Viet Nam and Indonesia, and a mission to Bolivia is scheduled for mid-November.
Activities and outputs planned for Tanzania and Viet Nam
In the case of Tanzania, staff from the Forestry & Beekeeping Division will be coming to UNEP-WCMC in November 2009 for two weeks. The goal of this visit is to produce spatial analyses of the potential for multiple benefits from REDD, in time for presentation at Forest Day in Copenhagen in December 2009. The aim is to illustrate the extent to which areas that are high in carbon are also high in other benefits such as biodiversity, and conversely which forests are low in carbon but valuable for other reasons. A demonstration analysis using global data has shown that high carbon, high biodiversity areas can be identified through simple mapping tools, and can be accessed online.
For Viet Nam, the UN-REDD Programme will produce tools and guidance to assess biodiversity and ecosystem services in reforested areas, with the aim to support the realization of co-benefits from the major reforestation effort underway in this country. This will include simple tools for identifying which ecosystem services could be important in reforested areas, and guidance on selecting approaches for assessing and monitoring change in services.
In 2010, UNEP-WCMC plans to host an international workshop on REDD and co-benefits. The meeting will bring together participants from each of the nine UN-REDD Programme countries, demonstrate the tools and analyses that have been produced, and identify useful approaches and future needs.
In addition to its work for the UN-REDD Programme, WCMC is also mapping the coincidence of carbon and co-benefits for various non-UN-REDD countries, with the support of the German government. As well as providing additional national case studies, this programme of work has enabled us to collaborate on the production of improved global maps of carbon in biomass and soils, which will prove useful for UN-REDD countries where no national scale maps are available.
Publications on REDD, co-benefits and related topics may be downloaded from the UNEP-WCMC website at: http://www.unep-wcmc.org/climate/publications.aspx