Features & Commentary
More Countries Engage with IPCC's Emission Factor Database
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has an emission factor database that is becoming an essential tool to countries, particularly in the context of REDD+.
By : Matieu Henry
During the tenth meeting of the IPCC Emission Factor Database (EFDB) editorial board held in Langkawi 1-4 October 2012, more than 150 new data was approved for inclusion in the database under the following areas: LULUCF sector on biomass and carbon stocks, biomass increment, litterfall, allometric equations andCH4, N2O and CO2 emission factors for wetland, tropical and temperate forests.
The IPCC EFDB is managed by the IPCC's Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories and is meant to serve as an open library of emission factors and other parameters that can be used for estimating greenhouse gas emissions and removals. Several participants from UN-REDD Programme partner countries contribute to the EFDB and use it as an important source of information for their national forest inventories.
Emissions factors are coefficients which quantify the emissions or removals per unit of human activity. Emission factors are necessary to prepare the GHG inventory and assess the contribution of human activities, including the REDD+ activities. Emissions factors and the extent to which human activities take place are combined to assess emissions and removals. The information contained in the EFDB is crucial to support countries to prepare their GHG inventory.
The data contained in the EFDB is supported by background documentation, technical references and other relevant information to enable users to select data suitable to their national situation. The responsibility of selecting and using this information appropriately remains with the users themselves. Country-specific Information on emission factors and other parameters used for national GHG inventories is important especially for developing countries that often do not have such information, or the resources to develop that. The database may also give useful information for reviews of annual inventories under the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol. It is important that national emission and removal estimates accurately reflect the national situation as these estimates are used not just for international reporting but also underpin the development of national climate change policies.
The data in the EFDB is organized according to five inventory sectors: Energy, Industrial Processes and Product Use, Agriculture, LULUCF and Waste. An Editorial Board, comprising country-nominated experts, evaluates the data proposed for inclusion in the EFDB according to well-defined criteria. Users are encouraged to submit their proposals on emission factors or other related parameters by contacting the Technical Support Unit (TSU) of TFI (firstname.lastname@example.org /email@example.com).
|Matieu Henry is a Forestry officer at FAO for the UN-REDD Programme, supporting National Programmes in Asia to setup their MRV systems.