Reports & Analysis
UN-REDD and CBD Team-up to Support Capacity Building on REDD+ Safeguards
With support from the UN-REDD Programme, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has recently published results from a regional workshop series on capacity building for REDD+ safeguards spanning Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America and the Caribbean.
Over the past year, the CBD Secretariat has organized a series of regional consultations and capacity building workshops, held in Singapore in March 2011; Quito, Ecuador, in July 2011; and Cape Town, South Africa, in September 2011. The three regional workshops, with support from the UN-REDD Programme, built on the results of a global expert workshop on biodiversity benefits from REDD+, held in Nairobi, Kenya, in September 2010.
|Participants of the Asia-Pacific regional workshop on capacity building for REDD+ safeguards held in Singapore in March of this year.
The results of the workshop series are intended to support both the CBD and UNFCCC discussions on relevant biodiversity safeguards for REDD+, and on the monitoring of biodiversity in the context of the forest-related targets of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. Participants agreed that if REDD+ is successful at reducing deforestation and forest degradation and promoting forest conservation, it will have significant and unprecedented benefits for biodiversity and also has the potential to deliver significant benefits to Indigenous Peoples and local communities. Other key results and conclusions from the workshops include:
- It would be beneficial and thus it is important that countries address safeguards as early as possible when undertaking REDD+ readiness activities. Financial support is required to support countries to meet the requirements for implementing safeguards.
- There is a need for cross referencing existing safeguard frameworks (for example UN-REDD Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria, FCPF Common Approach, and REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards) with relevant processes and guidelines, including National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans.
- Intersectoral coordination between and within Ministries is of utmost importance to ensure timely and effective application of safeguards and synergies in the implementation of REDD+.
- Clarifying tenure issues remains an urgent challenge for many aspects of REDD+, including safeguards for indigenous peoples and local communities.
- Effective land zone planning and land use planning at national level would lower REDD+ risks and enhance benefits.
- Addressing safeguards can benefit from existing knowledge at international, national and local level, including from the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing, Payments for Ecosystem Services, Community Based Natural Resources Management, etc.
- More analysis is required to identify biodiversity indicators and assessment mechanisms for biodiversity impacts of REDD+.
- Existing guidance from the CBD, such as advice on reforestation and in decision X/33 paragraph 8, can help Parties to avoid negative biodiversity impacts, and enhance benefits.
- Further capacity building on REDD+ is needed at several levels.
Taken together, the four workshops were attended by representatives from 63 Parties and 55 international organizations, NGOs, private sector institutions and indigenous and local communities. Funding for the workshops was provided by the UN-REDD Programme, the Governments of Germany, Japan, Norway and the United Kingdom, as well as GIZ and the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity.
The CBD Secretariat has submitted the full results of the workshop series to the UNFCCC Secretariat in response the UNFCCC’s request for submissions on methodological guidance for activities relating to REDD+, specifically related to systems for providing information on how safeguards referred to in appendix I to UNFCCC decision 1/CP.16 are addressed and respected. The submission is available in English, French and Spanish at www.cbd.int/forest.
The CBD will discuss possible indicators for REDD+ impacts on biodiversity at SBSTTA 16, which will be held from 30 April to 4 May 2012 in Montreal, Canada, and advice on REDD+ biodiversity safeguards will be discussed at COP 11, in Hyderabad, India, 8 to 19 October 2012 (www.cbd.int/meetings).