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UN-REDD Free, Prior and Informed Consent Consultation in Tanzania

The UN-REDD Programme held its third regional consultation with Indigenous Peoples (IP) in Africa to facilitate the development of guidelines on how to apply the principle of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) and develop recourse mechanisms for UN-REDD Programme activities during the REDD+ readiness process.

The UN-REDD FPIC workshop in Tanzania brought together 53 participants representing 11 countries in the African region.
Credits: Paul Mzungute

The UN-REDD Programme convened a four-day workshop from 24-27 January, 2011 in Arusha, Tanzania to advance the development of guidelines for FPIC and recourse mechanisms for the UN-REDD Programme. This was the third step of a four-step process consisting of three regional consultations followed by a final public review of the resulting guidelines. The regional consultation for the Asia-Pacific region, held in Viet Nam in June 2010 resulted in draft guidelines that were reviewed and elaborated by participants during the regional consultation for the Latin American and Caribbean region, held in Panama in October 2010. This consultation provided the opportunity for IP and civil society representatives from Africa to review the consolidated guidelines and provide inputs to reflect their views and regional priorities. The fourth step of the process will be to open the revised consolidated guidelines to a public comment process during the spring of 2011. The resulting guidelines will be added as an annex to the UN-REDD Programme and the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility’s (FCPF) joint draft Guidelines on Stakeholder Engagement in REDD+ Readiness with a Focus on the Participation of Indigenous Peoples and Other Forest-Dependent Communities.

This body of work is a crucial component of the UN-REDD Programme’s objectives. The UN-REDD Programme is mandated under the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) to support the implementation of its provisions; a key guiding principle of which is to uphold the right to FPIC as essential to ensuring the full and effective participation of IPs and other forest dependent communities.

The workshop - held in English and French - brought together 53 participants representing 11 countries in the region, namely Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Kenya, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia Core participants from national IP and civil society organizations (CSOs) were joined by representatives from international CSOs, UN agencies, the FCPF, and the Norwegian Embassy. The IP and CSO representatives to the UN-REDD Programme’s Policy Board for Africa, Mr. Elifuraha Laltaika and Mr. Pacifique Mukumba, were key contributors. Gender equity was prioritized in selecting participants and a number of IP and CSO women leaders active in the region participated.

A number of key women leaders active in IP and CSO organizations in the region participated
Credits: Paul Mzungute

The workshop began with opening comments from distinguished leaders from the Government of Tanzania, namely Dr. Felician Kilahama from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism and Mr. Richard Muyungi from the Vice President’s Office. Mr. Laltaika, Mr. Mukumba and Ms. Gertrude Lyatuu from UNDP's Tanzania country office also provided opening remarks to situate the workshop in the context of the UN-REDD Programme’s broader mandate.

The first two days of presentations and discussions aimed to bring all participants to the same level of understanding of the underlying issues and regional context for supporting the right to FPIC. Presentations given by the UN-REDD Programme included a review of the global and regional status of Programme activities by Josep Gari and Tom Twining-Ward, as well as an overview of the process employed to develop the FPIC guidelines by Nina Kantcheva and Gaya Sriskanthan. The FCPF also presented on their regional activities. Presentations by a range of other organizations introducing background issues and current experiences with FPIC were given by: IPACC; CIEL; FPP; the Network of Indigenous Pygmy Organisations (RAPY); Groupe Travail Climat REDD, DRC; TFCG; Zambia Climate Change Network; Natural Justice; and CIFOR. Tim Boyle from the UN-REDD Programme also gave a detailed presentation on a pilot FPIC process carried out in Viet Nam. A short documentary on this process is also available online. All presentations can be accessed here.

On days 3 and 4, participants formed six working groups to review: (i) the consolidated draft guidelines developed during the previous regional consultations and elaborate what FPIC means in practical terms; (ii) what an effective recourse mechanism should look like; (iii) effective guidelines for consultation; (iv) how the guidelines could be translated into national action. Each group reported on their initial conclusions on day 3, allowing for further discussion with the broader group before presenting their finalized input on day 4.

FPIC workshop participants split up into thematic working groups to develop detailed recommendations.
Credits: Paul Mzungute

The workshop was characterized by engaged and thoughtful discussion, particularly regarding the specific challenges faced in the African context, such as poor levels of recognition of the term “Indigenous Peoples.” It was noted that the 2005 regional Report of the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights (ACHPR) Working Group of Experts on Indigenous Populations/Communitiespresented some of the clearest guidance on this matter. Other issues raised included the need to ensure there is capacity within the government and supporting UN agencies to understand IP issues and support the implementation of FPIC; the co-existence of different communities in the same areas; and the need to build capacity at the grassroots level. Working groups delved deeper into certain areas, such as creating enabling environments for implementing FPIC at the country level and providing detailed guidance for consultation strategies, providing rich material to further strengthen the existing draft guidelines.

A full report on the workshop and the updated draft FPIC and Recourse guidelines for the UN-REDD Programme are in the process of development and will be posted on the UN-REDD Programme workspace.

In this issue


UN-REDD Releases its First 5-year Programme Strategy

REDD+ Safeguards, Governance Emphasized by UN-REDD Agencies at Forests 2011 Launch

Features & Commentary

California Leading the Way Towards REDD+ Carbon Markets
By: Christopher Cosslett

Mangrove Forests and REDD+
By: Gabriel Grimsditch
Reports & Analysis

UN-REDD Free, Prior and Informed Consent Consultation in Tanzania

National Systems for GHG Inventories
Looking ahead

Programme of Anti-Corruption on REDD (PAC-REDD) Workshop
25 February 2011, Jakarta, Indonesia

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Conference
2 - 3 March 2011, Paris, France

CARE International and CCBA Social Impacts of REDD+ Workshop
3 - 4 March 2011, London, UK

CBD Asia-Pacific Regional Consultation and Capacity Building Workshop on REDD+
15 - 18 March 2011, Singapore City, Singapore

UN-REDD Programme 6th Policy Board Meeting
21 - 23 March 2011, Da Lat, Viet Nam

FCPF 8th Participants Committee Meeting
24 - 25 March 2011 Da Lat, Viet Nam

UNFCCC Climate Change Talks
3-8 April 2011, Bangkok, Thailand
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