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Key results and achievements - Programme in Viet Nam


  • The Government of Viet Nam established both a Cross-Ministerial REDD+ Steering Committee, and a National REDD+ Office to lead on REDD+. Coordinated and led by the National REDD+ Office, the National REDD+ Action Programme (NRAP), which includes features of a Benefit Distribution System that will be aligned with Decree 99 on Payment for Forest Ecosystem Services, was signed by the Prime Minister on June 27, 2012. An MRV framework document developed through the National REDD Network has been endorsed by the National REDD+ Office. Institutional and technical capacity for national coordination of key components of REDD have been established. Components of REDD+ have all been discussed at the national level, but yet to be fully defined or installed, as this will need to await piloting experience in the “REDD+ Phase II”.
  • Awareness on REDD+ of staff from MARD, VNFOREST have been enhanced through their participation in the two workshops on REDD+ and Gender and workshop on Sustainable Forest Management and REDD+. Three meetings of National REDD+ Steering Committees on UN-REDD Phase II and update of REDD+ implementation were organized, which gave opportunities for representatives from line ministries to understand more REDD+ readiness in Viet Nam
  • Technical staff from Viet Nam REDD Office (VRO) and Forest Inventory and Planning Institute (FIPI) have been well engaged and were aware of the most updated deliberations on REL/RL at the UNFCCC.
  • Methodologies for REL/RL were consulted with key staff of national technical agencies through JICA project workshop (Feb 2012).
  • To ensure the international REDD+ requirements in National REDD+ Action Plan (NRAP), the National REDD+ Action Programme (NRAP) was approved by the Prime Minister 27 June 2012.

  • Awareness-raising on REDD+ to both Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD) officials as well as other stakeholder groups has increased capacity on the topic. Resources to integrate REDD+ into planning tools such as both Social and Economic Development Plan (SEDP) and Forest Protection and Development Fund (FPDF) have been made available. REDD+ has also been mainstreamed into the draft provincial forest protection development master plan 2011-2020. Several field research activities on BDS have further defined viable approaches for how a payment system could work.
  • Two districts in Lam Dong were equipped with improved capacity to mainstream REDD+ into wider development plans. Benefit distribution was also well understood by the district officials, but required further piloting based on actually implemented REDD+ activities (for REDD+ Phase II.)
  • Methods for carrying out forest owner level assessment was piloted in two provinces through a national program; a final approach would be determined then implemented nationally until 2015, to become basis for REDD+ site-based interventions.
  • Awareness-raising at local: the local radio, TVs at provincial and district level regularly broadcast the news on UN-REDD activities in Vietnamese and also K'ho languages.
  • Painting competition of middle school student in Di Linh district, Lam Dong province for the World Environment Day.
  • The Government of Vietnam signed a MoU with Cambodia on cooperation in the forestry sector and agreed on a FLEGT Action Plan with Laos in 2012. These steps, as well as initial discussions on a closer engagement with Myanmar, would be important for continued focus on regional leakage going forward under Phase II.
  • The concept of “regional displacement of emissions” has been reviewed. As a result, the Programme was elected to pursue Vietnam’s overall REDD+ strategy’s alignment with the FLEGT process, which would together reduce risks of regional displacement of illegal forest activities. To this end, the Programme has collaborated with the FLEGT process, including in the hosting of workshops to improve stakeholder knowledge on the situation of regional timber flows and measures for promoting SFM
  • Regional cooperation between Vietnam and Cambodia would be further strengthened according to MoU signed in early July while Myanmar and Vietnam aimed to further promote collaboration at the working level first.


  • A workshop was held in Kon Tum Province (bordering Cambodia and Lao PDR) in December 2011 with Vietnamese State-owned enterprises to discuss SFM and implications of REDD+ including cross-border timber flow issues.  A second workshop will be held in Ha Tinh Province (bordering Lao PDR) on REDD+ linkages with the EU-funded FLEGT project in July 2012.

  • A study on ecological stratification has been completed. The study would include three main results on forest eco-region research: classified eco-region system, from which Viet Nam's territory is divided into two areas, 8 regions and 40 sub-regions; set of criteria and indicators of forest ecological stratification; map of forest ecology.  The stratification system, based on ecological regions, is particularly useful to develop REL and further implement MRV whereby forest strata need to be accounted for as initial input data (Oct 2011).

  • Historical forest maps and reports on analysis of forest changes were developed and provincial consultations on how to integrate the maps and other tools to support REDD+ in the Social Economic Development Plans were completed (Sep 2011).
  • The measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) framework document has been developed. The document focuses on description of the MRV System and its components, Safeguards, and monitoring of Policies and Measures (PaM). The draft version has been revised several times after numerous meetings of the sub-technical working group on MRV, consulting with relevant stakeholders; and two technical workshops in July and August (Sept 2011).  
  • A methodology for assessment of opportunity cost for REDD+ was finalized in June. It was subsequently recommended to use opportunity cost analysis as a tool when integrating REDD+ into the Forest Protection and Development Plans (FPDP) (Apr 2011).

  • The Programme also designed a series of seven-standing posters: Impacts of Climate Change on Forestry; National Target Program to Respond to Climate Change; REDD Viet Nam; Free, Prior and Inform Consent; Participatory Carbon Monitoring; Benefits Distribution System; and Pilot Sites. The posters explain the impact of climate change on forest resources in Viet Nam, the need for REDD+ in Viet Nam, and the UN-REDD activities in the pilot province.

  • REDD+ has been mainstreamed into the draft provincial forest protection development master plan 2011-2020, awaiting approval from the Lam Dong Provincial People's Council.
  • A report on the possible content of the National REDD+ Programme was submitted to Viet Nam Forest Administration (VNFOREST) in February 2011.  This served as background information for National REDD+ Programme development. Subsequently there were consultations on the National REDD+ Programme with the National REDD Network in May, and based on comments made by the stakeholders a draft was prepared by a team of national consultants. After internal consultations, the document was released in November to the Network. With continued support from UN-REDD in the drafting, nationwide consultations will follow in 2012, after which the National REDD+ Programme is expected to be ready for the Prime Minister’s signature.

  • Many awareness-raising events (ceremony to commemorate the International Year of Forests and the decade of UN Convention to Combat Desertification, World Environment Day, Vietnamese Forestry Day, Forest of Viet Nam Photos Contest), and workshops (5) were held at the national and local levels (e.g. in the central highland and in the north) to increase awareness of REDD+ among local stakeholders.  Many articles on REDD+, UN-REDD Viet Nam have been produced, including on subjects such as FPIC and Participatory Carbon Monitoring (PCM).  The Programme also publishes a monthly newsletter in Vietnamese.


  • PCM was planned to be tested on a larger scale in Di Linh and Lam Ha districts. This has been postponed, however, to allow for a review of the PCM approach and a discussion of PCM with stakeholders. A manual has been produced in English and Vietnamese. Current discussions in the country are looking to expand the concept of PCM to Participatory Monitoring, not to be restricted to obtaining carbon related data for reporting (MRV) through participatory means, but to engage communities (and other stakeholders) for wider monitoring of REDD+ implementation.
  • Supported by the Programme, the provincial protection development master plan with REDD+ mainstreaming was initiated in 2010. 

  • The Programme is known for its FPIC implementation. Organizations like JICA, FFI came to learn about the FPIC implementation (2010).

  • A comprehensive BDS study was completed in 2010 that presented 17 policy recommendations for consideration. Further follow-up studies have been completed to lay the basis for a legal decision.

  • Consultation activities with both local communities and provincial stakeholders in Lam Dong and Bac Kan provinces on the set-up of a BDS started in December 2010. Simultaneously, a BDS Piloting exercise in which local communities participate in a simulation game of a future BDS, started in Lam Dong October 2011. A framework for the assessment of R-factors was also designed. The recommendations from these exercises are expected to inform a principal Decision to implement Decree 99 on Payments for Forest Ecosystem Services.

  • As part of the drafting process for the Phase 2 proposal, research has been done on the Forest Protection Development Fund and how it could be relevant for the set-up of the National REDD+ Fund.  Recognized the importance of sharing information and lesson learned, the Programme has documented and updated the UN-REDD Viet Nam brochure, and fact sheet (NRP, FPIC, R-Coefficient, BDS, and MRV) to share nationally and internationally, e.g. Policy Board; Mexico; Ecuador; Oslo REDD+ exchange; World Environmental Day; COP 17; VNFOREST training.

  • The Programme has worked closely with a journalist to write and publish ten articles on REDD+, UN-REDD Viet Nam activities monthly on “Forest and Environment” Magazine.

  • The Programme in collaboration with local radio and television in Lam Ha and Di Linh district have broadcasted regularly about Climate Change, Forest, REDD+ and UN-REDD activities. The Programme is providing local radio and television station news on REDD+ and events and activities.

  • The Programme has built a strong team of twenty village facilitators. They will help to convey the message on climate change, forests and REDD+ to local people through the regular activities and meetings at village and commune level. 
  • Together with the RECOFTC Grassroots Capacity Building for REDD project (funded by NORAD), the Programme conducted a capacity building needs assessment in the pilot province. A proposal has been made to build up capacity for the forest sector grassroots stakeholders in REDD+ in Viet Nam (Aug 2010 – Jul 2010).

  • A regional workshop held in Bangkok in 2010 ranked elements of where collaboration between countries on REDD+ would be of interest. Late 2011 a process was initiated to involve Cambodia, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Myanmar and Thailand in compiling information on law enforcement for trans-boundary movement of forest products.

  • Review of methodologies for establishing RELs/RLs and RS and selection of a suitable method for national circumstances has been conducted to identify options for the establishment of reference levels for reduced deforestation and forest degradation and enhanced carbon stocks under the REDD+ mechanism of the UNFCCC (Mar 2010). The term "reference level" is used here in its generic form. It includes all variants of it, in particular also reference emission levels, whether they are retrospective or prospective.

  • Some applicable proposals in establishing reference levels in accordance with UNFCCC current status and available IPCC guidance, with emphasis on capacities, data and options, have been made available such that Viet Nam has collaborated with other partners (Finland and JICA) in REL development. With the support from the Embassy of Finland, all forest maps and field-measured data for 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 were digitized in 2010 for Lam Dong Province. An interim national REL was proposed. The JICA Study is now validating forest maps for 1995 and 2005, and then they will be used for improving the interim REL. The data validation is expected to be completed by the end of 2011.

  • The programme has organized with relevant technical agencies (VFU, FIPI, FSIV and Tay Nguyen University) a review of previous and current work on development of equations for forest timber volume and forest growth, biomass estimation and wood density; identification of gaps and proposing of a long term plan to fill these gaps.

  • The earlier request for assistance to piloting the National Forest Inventory (NFI) in two pilot districts from the Government, has been cancelled, as a relevant proposal could not be submitted to the Programme in time. Nevertheless, FIPI is now implementing piloting of the NFI in two pilot provinces to test methodologies and approaches for forest inventory and assessment and to explore how and to what extent local stakeholders could be involved in the forest monitoring activities before the Government conducts the nation-wide forest inventory. Groundwork is on-going.